Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the plant C. sativa.
In order to produce hemp seed oil the seed is stripped from the plant and all the vegetation is removed from the hemp seed.
Hemp seed oil is the extracted from the hemp seed either by crushing the hemp seed and using a solvent to extract the oil or by the more natural process of crushing and pressing to remove the hemp seed oil in what is often termed the cold pressed process.
Cold pressed hemp seed oil is thought to be far superior from other forms of hemp seed oil extraction as there is no risk of solvent contaminating the hemp seed oil. Using a cold pressed extraction method also helps to prevent the precious essential oils and nutrients in the hemp seed oil from being destroyed or denatured. Cold pressed and refined hemp seed oil, varies in colour from dark green to light green. Hemp seed oil has a nutty/grassy flavour.
Unlike unrefined cold pressed hemp seed oil, refined hemp seed oil tends to be clear and colourless with little of the vitamins and antioxidants which are naturally present in unrefined cold pressed hemp seed oil.
Hemp seed oil, in addition to its nutritional and health uses, can also be used in the production of cosmetics such as shampoos and soaps.
Hemp seed contains between 30 to 35% oil by weight. Hemp seed oil is highly nutritious and contains a high proportion of essential fatty acids (EFA’S). Essential fatty acids are required by the body for the production of hormones and hormone like substances which are involved in the regulation of the bodies processes.
Hemp oil contains an almost ideal ratio of omega-3 fatty acids to omega-6 fatty acids. Omega – 3 fatty acids such as those found in hemp seed oil tend to help to reduce inflammation in the body. Whereas in excess of omega-6 fatty acids in the diet tend to increase inflammation in the body.
The ratio of 3:1 omega 6 fatty acids to omega 3 fatty acids is considered by some to be a perfect balance, replicating the fatty acid ratio which the body is genetically programmed to work best with.
Hemp Seed Oil Nutrition
Hemp oil is a rich source of essential fatty acids which are required for the production of hormones and the healthy function of the bodies processes and organs.
Hemp seed oil provides an optimum ratio of of omega-6/omega-3 fatty acids. The tablespoon of him seed oil will provide on average in a fatty acids to fulfill daily requirements.
Hemp seed oil may be used on a daily basis to provide essential fatty acids for a healthy body.
Unlike other seed oils hemp seed oil is unsuitable for cooking because exposure to cooking heats destroy the pressures fatty acids found in hemp seed oil.
Hemp seed oil may be added to cold foodstuffs or taken as a dietary supplement in a soft gelatine capsule.
Much research is being undertaken into the health benefits of hemp seed oil in relation to skin complaints such as eczema and psoriasis, inflammation and inflammatory disease, cholesterol and heart disease.