To understand what SARM is and how it works, you must first know what androgens are. Androgens are a special class of male sex hormones that are “defined as a substance capable of developing and maintaining male characteristics in reproductive tissues (ie, the genital tract, secondary sexual characteristics and fertility) and contributing to the anabolic state of somatic tissues “.
In other words, androgens are compounds that stimulate or regulate the development of “what makes men, men” through binding to androgen receptors. For your information, testosterone is the best-known androgen.
Androgen receptors are part of a larger “communication pathway” in the body that results in greater expression of certain genes. This ability to bind and “connect” to androgen receptors is what gives all these anabolic compounds their muscle building properties.
What makes SARM attractive is its ability to activate certain receptors by inhibiting the actions of others, thus theoretically offering all the benefits of steroids without the unpleasant side effects. According to this definition, SARMs, as you will find in the supplement industry, are not steroids, but they continue to activate androgen receptors. This selective anabolic activity amplifies protein synthesis and helps build muscle which was very well described in a “Arm workout for beginners” article on https://www.hoylesfitness.com/exercise-and-health/arm-workout-for-beginners/ too.
SARMs vs. Steroids vs. Prohormonais
SARMs, steroids and prohormones fall into the category of anabolics (muscle builders), and are somewhat similar, but each is a different class of compounds.
Let’s start with the giant elephant in the room that are steroids. The main problem with steroids are the possible side effects, such as gynecomastia (also known as “gynecologist” or “breast”) and the suppression of testosterone and, to a lesser extent, the lack of knowledge of the user. Steroids are also a program III drug, which makes them illegal to own or use without a prescription.
Prohormones are compounds that become a hormone in your body. Prohormones are inactive initially due to their structure and require a bidirectional conversion, more or less, in the body to activate. Therefore, you can think of a Prohormones as a “presteroid”.
Like steroids, prohormones require appropriate post-cycle therapy (CPT) and may present all the unpleasant side effects and health risks that normal anabolic steroids pose.
Finally, there are SARMs. These compounds are proactive hormones that require conversion in the body. SARMs are also available orally, which means that you can take them in the form of pills and you do not need to use injections, which makes testosterone and most other steroids.